Quick Stats

  • The average rate of fuel consumption of vehicles in Australia was 7.5 km per liter of petrol (or 13.4 L per 100 km)
  • Petrol was the most commonly used type of fuel at 51.4%
  • Australia consumed a total of 34,170 megalitres of fuel in 2018

Average fuel consumption by type of vehicle

Vehicle Type Litres per 100kms
Passenger vehicles 10.8L
Motorcycles 5.8L
Light commercial vehicles 12.5L
Rigid trucks 28.6L
Articulated trucks 55.2L
Non-freight carrying trucks 21.3L
Buses 28.4L
Average 13.4L

The average passenger vehicle used 1,366 litres of fuel per year, or 3.7 litres per day. The average passenger vehicle had an average fuel consumption of 10.8 litres per 100 kilometers.

The average motorcycle used 149.3 litres of fuel per year, or 0.4 litres per day. The average motorcycle had an average fuel consumption of 5.8 litres per 100 kilometers.

The average light commercial vehicle used 2,046 litres per year, or 5.6 litres per day. The average light commercial vehicle had an average fuel consumption of 12.5 litres per 100 kilometers.

The average rigid truck used 5,936 litres per year, or 16.3 per day. The average rigid truck had an average fuel consumption of 28.6 litres per 100 kilometers.

The average articulated truck used 43,819 litres of fuel per year, or 120 litres per day. The average articulated truck had an average fuel consumption of 55.2 litres of fuel per 100 kilometers.

The average non-freight carrying truck used 2,760 litres of fuel per year, or 7.6 litres per day. The average non-freight carrying truck had an average fuel consumption of 21.3 litres per 100 kilometers.

The average bus used 7,638 litres of fuel per year, or 20.9 litres per day. The average bus had an average fuel consumption of 28.4 litres of fuel per 100 kilometers.

The average vehicle in Australia used 1,797 litres of fuel per year, or 4.9 litres per day. The average vehicle had an average fuel consumption of 13.4 litres per 100 kilometers.

Fuel consumption by type of fuel

Fuel Type Litres per 100kms
Petrol 10.8L
Diesel 18.4L
LPG/CNG/dual fuel/hybrid and other 12.9L

Petrol saw the lowest average litres consumed per 100 kilometers, making it the most efficient fuel in Australia in 2018. Diesel was the least efficient fuel in 2018 at 18.4 litres per 100 kilometers.

Total amount of fuel used in Australia by vehicle type

Vehicle Type Petrol in megalitres Diesel in megalitres LPG/CNG/dual fuel/ hybrid/other in megalitres
Passenger vehicles 15,635 3,097 754
Motorcycles 128 0 0
Light commercial vehicles 1,728 4,669 140
Rigid trucks 16 2,920 3
Articulated trucks 0 4,369 0
Non-freight carrying trucks 0 66 0
Buses 0 544 60
Total 17,548 15,665 957

Petrol was the most commonly used type of fuel in Australia during 2018 at 51.4% and was predominantly used by passenger and light commercial vehicles.

Diesel was the second most used type of fuel used in Australia during 2018 at 45.8% and was predominantly used by light commercial vehicles and articulated trucks.

Total fuel consumed by vehicle

Vehicle Type Total fuel in megalitres
Passenger vehicles 19,486
Motorcycles 128
Light commercial vehicles 6,537
Rigid trucks 2,939
Articulated trucks 4,369
Non-freight carrying trucks 66
Buses 644
Average 34,170

State comparison

New South Wales

Fuel Type Total fuel in megalitres
Petrol 5,487
Diesel 4,136
Other 160
Total 9,782

Number of registered vehicles in New South Wales in 2018 was 5,586,547. The average vehicle in New South Wales used 1,750 litres on average per year, or 4.8 litres a day. Petrol made up 56% of the total fuel used in New South Wales, diesel made up 42% and other fuels such as LPG/CNG/dual fuel and hybrid fuel made up the remaining 2%.

Victoria

Fuel Type Total fuel in megalitres
Petrol 4,534
Diesel 3,904
Other 427
Total 8,865

Number of registered vehicles in Victoria in 2018 was 4,839,222. The average vehicle in Victoria used 1,831 litres on average per year, or 5 litres a day. Petrol made up 51% of the total fuel used in the Victoria, diesel made up 44% and other fuels such as LPG/ CNG/dual fuel and hybrid fuel made up the remaining 5%.

Queensland

Fuel Type Total fuel in megalitres
Petrol 3,634
Diesel 3,791
Other 156
Total 7,581

Number of registered vehicles in Queensland in 2018 was 4,043,013. The average vehicle in Queensland used 1,875 litres on average per year, or 5 litres a day. Petrol made up 48% of the total fuel used in the Queensland, diesel made up 50% and other fuels such as LPG/CNG/dual fuel and hybrid fuel made up the remaining 2%.

South Australia

Fuel Type Total fuel in megalitres
Petrol 1,233
Diesel 1,029
Other 132
Total 2,394

Number of registered vehicles in South Australia in 2018 was 1,386,196. The average vehicle in South Australia used 1,725 litres on average per year, or 4.7 litres a day. Petrol made up 52% of the total fuel used in South Australia, diesel made up 43% and other fuels such as LPG/CNG/dual fuel and hybrid fuel made up the remaining 5%.

Western Australia

Fuel Type Total fuel in megalitres
Petrol 1,813
Diesel 2,167
Other 68
Total 4,048

Number of registered vehicles in Western Australia in 2018 was 2,215,147. The average vehicle in Western Australia used 1,827 litres on average per year, or 5 litres per day. Petrol made up 45% of the total fuel used in Western Australia, diesel made up 54% and other fuels such as LPG/CNG/dual fuel and hybrid fuel made up the remaining 1%.

Tasmania

Fuel Type Total fuel in megalitres
Petrol 426
Diesel 314
Other 4
Total 744

The number of registered vehicles in Tasmania in 2018 was 474,951. The average vehicle in Tasmania used 1,566 litres on average per year, or 4.3 litres per day. Petrol made up 57% of the total fuel used in Tasmania, diesel made up 42% and other fuels such as LPG/CNG/dual fuel and hybrid fuel made up the remaining 1%.

Northern Territory

Fuel Type Total fuel in megalitres
Petrol 127
Diesel 197
Other 1
Total 325

The number of registered vehicles in Northern Territory in 2018 was 163,237. The average vehicle in the Northern Territory used 19,990 litres on average per year, or 5.5 litres per day. Petrol made up only 39% of the total fuel used in the Northern Territory, diesel made up 61% and other fuels such as LPG/CNG/dual fuel and hybrid fuel made up less than 1%.

Australian Capital Territory

Fuel Type Total fuel in megalitres
Petrol 294
Diesel 128
Other 9
Total 431

The number of registered vehicles in the Australian Capital Territory in 2018 was 304,455. The average vehicle in the Australian Capital Territory used 1,415 litres on average per year, or 3.8 litres per day. Petrol made up 68% of the total fuel used in the Australian Capital Territory, diesel made up 30% and other fuels such as LPG/CNG/ dual fuel and hybrid fuel made up the remaining 2%.

Total fuel consumption

Fuel Type Total fuel in megalitres
Petrol 17,548
Diesel 15,665
Other 957
Total 34,170

Historical Comparison

Litres per 100 kilometers

  2010 2012 2014 2016 2018
Passenger vehicles 11.3 11.1 10.7 10.6 10.8
Motorcycles 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.8
Light commercial vehicles 13 12.6 12.1 12 12.5
Rigid trucks 28 28.7 28.4 28 28.6
Articulated trucks 56.2 57.7 56.9 56.3 55.2
Non-freight carrying trucks 29 22.6 22 25.6 21.3
Buses 29.5 29 28.8 27.8 28.4
Total vehicles 13.8 13.7 13.3 13.4 13.4

Passenger vehicles

From 2010 to 2016 there was a steady decrease in the average amount of litres consumed per 100 kilometers for passenger vehicles, however from 2016 to 2018 there was a slight increase by 0.2 litres per 100 kilometers.

Motorcycles

From 2010 to 2016 there was a steady decrease in the average amount of litres consumed per 100 kilometers for motorcycles, however from 2016 to 2018 there was a slight increase by 0.2 litres per 100 kilometers.

Light commercial vehicles

From 2010 to 2016 there was a steady decrease in the average amount of litres consumed per 100 kilometers for light commercial vehicles, however from 2016 to 2018 there was an increase by 0.5 litres per 100 kilometers.

Rigid trucks

From 2010 to 2012 there was an increase in the average amount of litres consumed per 100 kilometers for rigid trucks. From 2012 to 2016 there was a 0.7 litre decrease, but from 2016 to 2018 there was another increase by 0.6 litres per 100 kilometers.

Articulated trucks

From 2010 to 2012 there was a 1.5 litre increase in the average amount of litres consumed per 100 kilometers for articulated trucks, however from 2012 to 2018 there was a steady decrease of 2.5 litres per 100 kilometers.

Non-freight carrying trucks

From 2010 to 2014 there was a steady decrease in the average amount of litres consumed per 100 kilometers for non-freight carrying trucks, however from 2014 to 2016 there was an increase of 3.6 litres per 100 kilometers. From 2016 to 2018 there was another decrease of 4.3 litres per 100 kilometers.

Buses

From 2010 to 2016 there was a steady decrease in the average amount of litres consumed per 100 kilometers for buses, however from 2016 to 2018 there was a slight increase by 0.8 litres per 100 kilometers.

Total vehicles

From 2010 to 2014 there was a steady decrease in the average amount of litres consumed per 100 kilometers for all vehicles, however from 2014 to 2018 there was a slight increase by 0.1 litres per 100 kilometers.

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